Final press conference of NABBS on a Natura 2000 project
THE GIFTS OF NATURE - A SHARED VISION FOR NATURA 2000
On July 2, 2021, the last public information event was held - a press conference organized by the National Association "Bulgarian Black Sea", summarizing the implementation of activities under the project "Shared Vision for the ecological network Natura 2000 in Burgas region".
The National Association "Bulgarian Black Sea " is a beneficiary of the project "Shared Vision for the ecological network Natura 2000 in the region of Burgas", within which an information campaign was conducted. The project is funded by the Operational Program "Environment 2014-2020", co-financed by the European Regional Development Fund and the Cohesion Fund of the European Union.
As a result of the project implementation, the awareness of the local communities in the Burgas region about the ecological, economic and social benefits provided by the Natura 2000 network was increased, thus providing support for achieving a better conservation of habitats and wild birds in protected areas in the region.
The information campaign, through local products and services, presented to the stakeholders in the Burgas region the benefits of the Natura 2000 ecological network for the local communities, good practices from other countries, as well as the opportunities for European funding.
The events were presented under the general title "Gifts of Nature - a shared vision of Natura 2000" and focused on three main aspects: spa treatment with healing mud and lye and salt production from Pomorie Lake, honey production from Strandzha Nature Park and wine production from Burgas region. Land owners and users, representatives of hunting and fishing companies, tour operators and travel agents from the district were invited to participate in them.
Analyzing the legislation in Bulgaria regulating the regime of protected areas and the European directives regulating the establishment and management of protected areas, we found significant differences.
1. In Article 2 (3) of Directive 92/43/EEC on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora, the original text is "Measures taken in implementation of this Directive shall comply with economic, social and cultural requirements, as well as regional and local characteristics ".
The translation of the same directive into Bulgarian "shall take account" has been translated and replaced with "take into account".
2. In Art. 2 of Directive 2009/147/EC on the conservation of wild birds, instead of the original text "while taking account", it is replaced by "taking into account".
These erroneous translations of the European directives from English into Bulgarian lead to their erroneous transposition into the Biodiversity Act (BDA).
The obligatory nature of the provisions in Art. 2, para 3 of Directive 92/43/EEC for the protection of natural habitats and of wild flora and fauna and Art. 2 of Directive 2009/147/EC on the conservation of wild birds and their replacement by a text of an optional but recommended nature, leads to the fact that in the BDA there is no mandatory text to provide coexistence between humans and wildlife.
3. In Art. 6 of both directives states that three types of approaches are used for the implementation of plans and projects for management of protected areas: "legal, administrative and contractual".
In the Bulgarian law BDA of legal nature are only provisions that give the right to third parties to make a proposal whether certain areas should be included or excluded from Natura 2000 sites, but do not give the right to the owner of the property, which is included in the protected areas.
The legal mechanism is used to impose fines, penalties and a mandatory ban on access to justice for property owners in protected areas - Art. 12, para. 7 of the BDA reads “The order under para. 6 is final and not subject to appeal. "
Another tool that uses the BDA is the administrative approach, as the provisions of the BDA authorize only the Minister of Environment and Water to perform any actions on property of third parties located on the territory of protected areas.
The third instrument mentioned in the directives is "agreement". The BDA nowhere mentions the possibility of an agreement between the owner of properties that are part of the protected areas and the administrative body that currently manages them - the MoEW.
It should be borne in mind that in Bulgaria a huge territory is occupied by Natura protected areas - 34.5%. For comparison, the protected areas in the highly industrialized European countries occupy respectively: England - 8.6%, Belgium - 12.7%, France - 12.9%, the Netherlands - 14.8%, Germany - 15.4%, Italy - 19 %, Spain - 27.3% of the territory of these countries.
Of course, the Bulgarian people have preserved and are preserving their nature, and the highly developed countries have destroyed and are not restoring their nature. For protecting property owners, they are punished, not stimulated under the provisions of the BDA.
That is why an urgent change of the BDA is necessary, which will contribute to the protection of nature and the happy life of the people in it.
Let's share the common European vision for Natura 2000, not in Bulgarian!